Besides epidemics, wars, violence, and starvation, there is another source of disaster that is often overlooked: "a lack of love." So said His Holiness the 17th Gyalwang Karmapa, Ogyen Trinley Dorje, to a capacity crowd at Harvard's Memorial Church on Thursday, March 26.
"A lack of love can cause people to have no help when they need help, no friends when they need a friend,” he continued. "So, in a sense, the most dangerous thing in the world is apathy. We think of weapons, violence, warfare, disease as terrible dangers and indeed they are, but we can take measures to avoid them. But once our apathy takes hold of us, we can no longer avoid it."
The 29-year-old Karmapa leads the 900-year-old Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism, guiding millions of Buddhists around the world. Born to a nomad family in eastern Tibet, the Karmapa was chosen as a child by followers of the previous Karmapa. While in training at the age of 14 he made a dramatic escape from Tibet to India to be near His Holiness the Dalai Lama and his own lineage teachers.
During a talk that was equally entertaining and enlightening, he joked about using an interpreter, though he does speak English. "I do actually speak some English. I feel that I speak it poorly. I certainly don't think my English is up to Harvard's standards," he said, evoking laughter from the nearly 1,000 people in attendance. He also joked about coming to the U.S., but being unable to sample the American barbecue he's heard so much about because he is a vegetarian.
The Karmapa spoke about a range of topics, including the HDS Buddhist Ministry Initiative, his passion and efforts for environmental protection, and the need for religion in the world.
The Karmapa is considered an environmental activist. He's created an eco-monastic movement with over 55 monasteries across the Himalayas acting as centers of green activism. He sees religious leaders as important teachers and leaders in the environmental protection movement.
"There is so much information available to us nowadays about the environment and the need to protect it, but the problem that remains is that while everyone has access to this information, many people believe it as knowledge, but don't particularly feel the need to do anything about," he said. "One of my responsibilities is to encourage people as much as I can to actually make choices based upon accurate information about the environment."
In addition to environmentalism, the Karmapa is passionate about spending time with young people. Much of his time at Harvard was spent visiting with students at HDS and on the second day of his visit he planned to meet with undergraduates in Harvard Yard.
Recently, the Karmapa announced plans to establish full ordination for women, a step that will change the future of Tibetan Buddhism. The mention of that effort earned him thunderous applause from those inside Memorial Church.
He said he was very pleased to learn of the recent creation of the Buddhist Ministry Initiative at HDS because of work that will result from it.
"Especially because it's not being approached merely as an objective study, or learning, or scholarship, but something that can actually be brought to bear on global issues, which means that even though it is connected with Buddhist tradition, in a sense it transcends it or grows beyond the boundaries of mere Buddhist tradition," he said.
The Karmapa said he sees a necessity for religion and centers of learning that educate leaders of all faiths, like HDS, because the material and technological progress made by society cannot alone solve the all of our problems.
"Even worse sometimes, we can lose direction in our lives because of material progress or luxury, and in such circumstances it is especially necessary for us to return to the study of spirituality and cultivate both wisdom and compassion," he said.
The Karmapa's talk, "Caring for Life on Earth in the Twenty-first Century," was sponsored by HDS, the Harvard College Freshman Dean's Office, and the Robert H. N. Ho Family Foundation. His two-day visit to Harvard Divinity School also included meetings with students and blessings for his many Boston-area followers.
Dean David N. Hempton presented the Karmapa with a commemorative bowl engraved with the HDS seal and marked with the date of his visit to Harvard.
HDS Associate Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs Janet Gyatso, the Hershey Professor of Buddhist Studies, helped organize the Karmapa's visit.
"It is an historic occasion for Harvard Divinity School to welcome this wonderful and visionary young leader of Tibetan Buddhism for the first time. During his visits we talked with him about our programs in Buddhist studies, in the training of ministers and social activists more generally, and a range of interests in what religious ethical insights have to offer the twenty-first century from across the entire University," she said.
The Karmapa ended his talk at Memorial Church by urging everyone to feel love.
"I urge you to feel a love that is courageous … the joyous acknowledgement of your interdependence with each and every other living being and with this environment itself," he said.
–by Michael Naughton